ProSavana is a triangular Program between the Republic of Mozambique, the Federative Republic of Brazil and Japan aimed at the integrated development of a competitive and sustainable agriculture in the Nacala Development Corridor (NDC).
The parties signed a Memorandum of Understanding between in September 2009 and a cooperation agreement was signed between the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Mozambique (MASA), the Brazilian Cooperation Agency (ABC) and the Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA ).
Prosavana was inspired by Prodecer and by the capitalist agrarian model implemented in Brazil. The Brazilian, Japanese and Mozambican governments consider Prodecer a success story; for the social movements, academics and civil society Prodecer is nothing but a new form of colonization led by the state, which promoted land concentration and ownership in foreigner’s hands.
Brazil became an avid promoter of land grabbing practices abroad.
We do not want the ProSavanaAugusto Mafigo
- It is based on the import of top-to-down policies and so far the circulating information is incomplete and unclear;
- The program is connoted as “sustainable agricultural development” and targets to improve the lives of peasant families and cooperatives of farmers, however, it suggests the resettlement of communities and the expropriation of land;
- Promotes the influx of Brazilian farmers turning Mozambican farmers into cheap labour;
- Requires millions of hectares of land that is not actually available due to the system of leaving land fallow;
This ignores the benefits of the program for the peasants;
- The program is structured to promote the expropriation of land to the peasants and local communities in general;
- Promotes the violation of the rights of peasants given the insecurity of land tenure, regarding DUAT (Right to Land Use);
- Promotes worsened corruption and conflict of interest given the enormous interests involved;
- Will aggravate the already precarious living conditions of many communities completely dependent on agricultural production for their livelihoods which could lead to a massive rural exodus;
- The program provides a high mechanization and excessive use of chemicals such as fertilizers and pesticides leading to contamination of the soil and water courses;
- There is a convenient lack of clarity over the use or otherwise of genetically modified organisms which given Embrapa’s connection to Monsanto is probably expected.
- We want real investment in the improvement of peasant agriculture;
- We want to effectively discuss and decide on the most suitable development models;
- We want a comprehensive analysis on the reasons for low crop productivity and chronic poverty;
- We want the decision on an appropriate agrarian development model for our country to be the result of a transparent decision-making process;
- We want a model that works in accordance with incentive face policies for centralized agricultural sector in supporting peasant agriculture